It goes without saying that every institution offering the online course will be different. But we can classify them by certain criteria:
Private Non-Profit Colleges & Universities
Private nonprofit schools are funded by private organizations (as well as the tuition and fees students pay) rather than taxpayers. These include well-known universities such as Harvard and Yale. The school may require the student to go through an admission process before enrolling in an online course, degree, or certificate program.
Public Colleges & Universities
Most public colleges and universities, which are state-funded institutions, offer online courses to enrolled students as part of their degree programs.
Several schools, such as the University of Phoenix and Capella University, are completely online and do not have a physical campus. Online schools offer vocational, certificate, undergraduate, and/or graduate degree programs. Admission requirements depend on the school and program. These online schools don’t always follow a traditional semester or quarter-based schedule so that students may complete courses at an accelerated pace.
A recent development in online learning is called Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). These are designed to accommodate dozens, hundreds, and sometimes thousands of online students. A growing number of top colleges, universities, and industry experts partner with online course providers such as Coursera, Udemy, and edX, to deliver these courses, sometimes for free.
Most free online courses require internet access only, so users from different educational and geographical backgrounds can join. Courses cover a wide range of topics, including traditional college subjects, tech skills, and personal development. While it is often free to participate in the online course, the provider may charge a fee for a certificate of completion or grading papers and exams.